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What Are the Causes of Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a disorder that causes abnormal brain activity that leads to seizures. The disorder can occur in anyone, regardless of age or ethnicity. The symptoms of epilepsy can range from periods of blank staring during a seizure, twitching of arms and legs, to seizures that cause loss of consciousness. In addition to a variety of symptoms, there are also multiple causes of epilepsy.

Elderly Care Salisbury NC - What Are the Causes of Epilepsy?

Elderly Care Salisbury NC – What Are the Causes of Epilepsy?

About Seizures

Seizures can last anywhere from just a couple of seconds to a couple of minutes. They occur when activity in the brain briefly changes. Seizures don’t always look like the dramatic events commonly shown on television where a person falls to the floor shaking and jerking. In fact, it can sometimes be hard to tell when a person is having a seizure because the only sign may be staring into space.

There are two main kinds of seizures:

Focal Seizures: Focal seizures are sometimes referred to as partial seizures because they affect only one part of the brain.

Generalized Seizures: A generalized seizure impacts both sides of the brain.

Symptoms of seizures include:

  • Confusion.
  • Staring into space.
  • Jerking of the arms and legs.
  • Losing consciousness or being unaware of their surroundings.
  • Feeling anxious, scared, or a sense of déjà vu.

If your older family member has a seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes or if they don’t regain consciousness afterward, call 911. They should also receive medical attention if they injure themselves during the seizure.

Causes of Epilepsy

Sometimes doctors cannot identify a cause for epilepsy. However, some cases can be traced to causes like:

Genetics: Epilepsy can run in families, suggesting a genetic link. Scientists have identified some genes that are associated with epilepsy. However, they believe that in most cases, genes are only part of the cause.

Head Injury: A serious head injury may lead to epilepsy.

Stroke: According to the Mayo Clinic, stroke is one of the main causes of epilepsy in adults.

Brain Tumors: Brain tumors can sometimes cause epilepsy.

Neurological Diseases: Conditions that affect the neurological system, like Alzheimer’s disease, can lead to epilepsy.

Infection and Viruses: Infections and viruses that affect the brain, like parasites and influenza, are causes of epilepsy.

Down Syndrome: People with Down syndrome are more susceptible to developing epilepsy.

Elderly care can assist older adults with epilepsy. An elderly care provider can keep your aging relative safe during a seizure, ensuring they don’t injure themselves. They can also call for emergency medical treatment if the seizure is too severe or lasts longer than it should. Elderly care providers can also remind seniors to take medications to prevent and control seizures.


If you or an aging loved one are considering Elderly Care Services in Salisbury NC, please contact the caring staff at TenderHearted Home Care today. (704) 612-4132.

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Renee Gray

As Founder, Owner & President of TenderHearted Home Care, I have always had a heart for helping others. I started with babysitting while a teenager, assisting the mentally disabled in a work environment for 10 years, homeschooling my two sons, serving others for 9 years while employed through the local hospital and since 2011 have been focused on helping seniors to maintain their independence in the comfort of their own home. I am a Certified Senior Care Manager (CSCM) as designated by the Association of Care Services At Home (

I have enjoyed volunteering my time as the President of the Rowan County Home School Association, assisting with the Parkinson’s Support Group, Walk to End Alzheimer’s, Pregnancy Support Center, MOPS International, Capstone Recovery Center, Kairos Outside, Celebrate Recovery, various church committees and going on a mission trip to Moldova. I am a member of the Rowan County Council on Aging, Meals on Wheels board member, REACH of Rowan County, HIPSS of Davidson County, Second Tuesday Business Group and several Christian Business Life Groups.

I am passionate about serving others and providing the most compassionate care possible, as I would want for my own family. I love relaxing with my husband, Peter, and my two dogs, Yoyo and Terra Cotta.

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